Wind turbines are on the increase and this is of no surprise when the UK is known to be one of the best locations for wind power in the world.
The UK is ranked as the world's sixth largest producer of wind power, having recently overtaken France and Italy.
Wind power delivers a growing fraction of the energy in the United Kingdom and at the beginning of January 2014, wind power in the United Kingdom consisted of 5,276 wind turbines.
The odds of encountering one of these turbines or a planing application for one to be installed are increasing. The importance of identifying the location of a turbine and of any planning application when moving home has now therefore become a feature of the legal due diligence involved when buying a new home.
Your conveyancing lawyer needs to make sure the environmental search result covers wind energy and to ensure you are altered if there is a turbine in the immediate vicinity of the property you are looking to purchase. Your advisor should also recommend a planning search to see if there is any application before the council for the installation of a turbine. This is not a standard search and therefore you should always ask your lawyer to carry one out if wind farm activity is a concern.
Buying a property in the immediate vicinity of the property could affect the value and if you are borrowing money your lawyer will be required to report the finding to your lender. This is because the valuation on which the loan offer could be affected. More to the point its not advisable to purchase a property which you may then have problems re-selling in the future.
So why would a turbine in close proximity have impact on the value of the property?
Some people like the sight of a turbine but many others find the turbine a ‘turn off’.
If the turbine is over 200 feet in height it has to have a light attached. This could be a static or flashing light. It could be viewed by some as a nuisance.
The flickering of light caused by the wings of the turbine as they turn can also create a nuisance for those living in close vicinity especially in bright and sunny weather.
The turbine does emit a noise. The impact of this depends on the terrain, the direction of the wind, and the wind pattern. The noise resembles that of a refrigerator and can travel for several hundred feet. It commonly considered that those living more than half a mile away are unlikely to be troubled by the emission of noise.
There is no evidence that turbines are likely to have a direct affect on health.
However a 2008 guest editorial in Environmental Health Perspectives published by the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, the U.S. National Institutes of Health, stated: "Even seemingly clean sources of energy can have implications on human health. Wind energy will undoubtedly create noise, which increases stress, which in turn increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and cancer.
Lawyers are not environmental experts nor are they valuers; their duty is to make the client aware of the existence of the turbine and advise a client to discuss the implications of its location and proximity with a surveyor as well as an environmental expert so as to ensure an informed decision is made before the client commits to the purchase.